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xrd of refractory material application

  • Applications of XRD | MyScope

    Material changes during operation: Application fields: catalysts, refractory materials, alloys,… The investigation of these processes is not only interesting for the scientific community, but also for many technological processes used in industry. Application examples will be given at the end of this article.

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  • 13 Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications

    XRD analysis of used AMC, compared with fresh AMC samples. XRD samples are prepared from slag refractory interacted area. The diffractogram of powdered samples of both used & unused material shown in Fig. 12. The analysis confirms the presence of spinel phase along with other low melting phases in used sample, due to the inclusion of slag into ...

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  • Applications Of Refractory Materials Engineering |

    2021-5-3 · (XRD), and a Micro Raman Spectroscopy. One of the obtained samples was then tested as an additive in various amounts in a typical aluminosilicate refractory composition. The effects of these additions in bricks were evaluated, according to UNI EN 196/2005, in terms of thermo-physical and mechanical properties: diffusivity,

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  • X-Ray diffraction (XRD) :: Anton Paar Wiki

    2018-11-20 · The phase composition of the refractory material samples obtained at different temperatures was determined by an X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrometer (D/max 2550 PC, Japan Rigaku Co., Ltd.) with a Cu anode (wavelength 1.54056 Å, step scan mode, scan range from 10° to 80°, scan speed 5°/min, and step length 0.02°).

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  • Exploration of new quality refractory to improve hot

    2018-4-25 · cordierite as the component of refractory material by several of Al 2 O 3 mole ratio from 2 to 1.4. They found that Al 2 O 3 mole ratio to 1.4, resulted in bulk density to reach the maximum value of 2.5 kg·m-3, which is close to the value for dense cordierite ceramic. Sembiring, et.al [24] found that addition of 15 - 30 % alumina, resulted thermal

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  • Analysis of refractory materials - EAG Laboratories

    XRD pattern of refractory material and reference patterns of identified crystallographic structures Electron microscopy studies of the microstructure. In order to gain more understanding on the source of the inclusions found in the glass products, a detailed inspection of the refractory materials is essential.

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  • Determination of refractory products with the XRF ...

    2021-5-12 · Refractory products are materials that can withstand high temperatures, above 1500°C. They are used in a wide range of applications, including as the lining of furnaces that perform melting and heating processing of materials for metallurgical, chemical, ceramic, machine, glass industries and so on.

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  • Development of AZS Refractories for the ... - Material

    2006-4-13 · The XRD patterns of the composition with magnesium oxide addition is detected the cordierite formation, this product has a low melting point (about 1390ºC), which represents a critical problem when the refractory material is in use because the mechanical properties, such as refractariety and mechanical resistant will be decrease.

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  • Evaluation of Non Crystalline Phase in AZS Refractories by ...

    2013-12-24 · The analyzed material consisted in a monolithic electro-fused commercial AZS refractory normal filling type (AZS ER 1681 RN, Saint-Gobain SEFPRO, Italy). Par-ticularly two samples (AZS1 y AZS2) of the material were studied coming from different blocks. For the anal-ysis samples were milled in Agatha mortar up to mesh 100.

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  • Materials | Free Full-Text | Fabrication of Refractory ...

    Research has proven the nature of additives such as MgO in the fabrication of refractory materials and promoted their utilization in various applications [].The use of MgO and AlF 3 ·3H 2 O, with fly ash as a raw material, in the production of refractories is promising considering their easy availability and production costs. Fly ash is a powdered raw material that can be directly mixed as a ...

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  • Analytical Clay, Refractory & Ceramic Processing

    Enhance clay, ceramic and refractory mining efficiency with analytical solutions including particle size analysis and x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques Throughout the process - from clay ore monitoring to quality assurance of ceramics and refractories - accurate ...

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  • Chemical, Mineralogical, and Refractory

    2018-11-1 · In the present work, the chemical, mineralogical, refractory, and microstructural characterizations of kaolinites from the Huayacocotla-Alumbres region, which is between Veracruz and Hidalgo border, by X-ray diffraction (XRD), polarization optical microscopy (POM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), refractoriness proof (pyrometric cone equivalent), and thermogravimetric analysis …

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  • Properties of Aluminosilicate Refractories with ...

    2021-5-3 · refractory material (Al2O3 55 wt.% and SiO2 42 wt.%) with water at 6 wt.% in which the additive suspensions were emulsified previously. The mixture was 'thrown' in the mould in two different phases spaced by a compaction process and placed in the curing chamber at 20 °C, exposed to not less than 90% relative humidity for 24 hours; then

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  • EP0317980A2 - Refractory ceramic material and

    A refractory material composed of conventional fused or tabular alumina grains, bonded by a novel bonding phase that shows X ray diffraction lines characteristic of both sialon and silicon oxynitride, with the latter predominating, has a modulus of rupture at 1450 C of more than 350 bars and good thermal shock resistance. The material can be made by mixing appropriate amounts of silicon metal ...

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  • Geopolymers with the Potential for Use as Refractory

    2006-1-9 · A geopolymer was prepared by dissolving metakaolinite in a solution of K2SiO3 and KOH and curing at 80C for 24 h. The open porosity of the material was ~38% at 1000C, which is sufficiently porous for it to be used as a heat insulation material for continuous use at this temperature.

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  • Evaluation of Non Crystalline Phase in AZS Refractories by ...

    2013-12-24 · The analyzed material consisted in a monolithic electro-fused commercial AZS refractory normal filling type (AZS ER 1681 RN, Saint-Gobain SEFPRO, Italy). Par-ticularly two samples (AZS1 y AZS2) of the material were studied coming from different blocks. For the anal-ysis samples were milled in Agatha mortar up to mesh 100.

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  • Dolomite Stabilized Zirconia for Refractory Application ...

    dolomite (63,100μm). Figure 1 shows XRD pattern of co-grounded zirconia-dolomite powder calcined at 1300°C for 2 hours with different dolomite particle size (63,100 m). Figure 1. X-ray diffraction pattern of calcined zirconia- 6mole% dolomite powder The degree of tetragonal/cubic ZrO2 phase stabilization was measured by XRD phase analysis

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  • Duct tape specimens | Rigaku

    2021-2-17 · Pictured below is a diffractogram comparing the adhesive side of duct tape from different manufacturers. It is used as part of the material identification in forensic labs as every manufacturer uses a slightly different adhesive and a slightly different upper refractory surface with a different web support structure. An XRD scan of the upper surface, using Rigaku's MiniFlex benchtop ...

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  • Application Report XRD 8 - Bruker

    XRD Application Report XRD 8 D2 PHASER Desktop XRD: Silica Dust Analysis The D2 PHASER is a portable desktop XRD instrument for research and quality control. It is easy to operate and independent of external media such as cooling cir-cuits. Thanks to the LYNXEYE detector it is the fastest desktop XRD system on the market.

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  • Analytical Clay, Refractory & Ceramic Processing

    Enhance clay, ceramic and refractory mining efficiency with analytical solutions including particle size analysis and x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques Throughout the process - from clay ore monitoring to quality assurance of ceramics and refractories - accurate ...

    Get Price
  • Properties of Aluminosilicate Refractories with ...

    2021-5-3 · refractory material (Al2O3 55 wt.% and SiO2 42 wt.%) with water at 6 wt.% in which the additive suspensions were emulsified previously. The mixture was 'thrown' in the mould in two different phases spaced by a compaction process and placed in the curing chamber at 20 °C, exposed to not less than 90% relative humidity for 24 hours; then

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  • Study on the Application of High Calcium Magnesium

    The thermal shock and hydration resistance property of the light heat-insulation refractory materials is studied, which were prepared using high calcium magnesia slag as main raw materials. The phases and microscopy were characterized by means of X-Ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The results show that the main crystalline phase is CAS2, and it is ...

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  • Processes | Free Full-Text | Recovery of Raw Materials ...

    Today, refractory materials are used in a wide variety of industrial sectors. These ceramic materials are products that are generally used under a high-temperature load of >1500 °C [] for lining and delivery of thermotechnical facilities, such as blast furnaces or converters, as well as for transport devices in iron and steel, aluminum, cement and ceramic industries, incineration plants and ...

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  • Frontiers | Waste Stream Porous Alkali Activated

    2019-5-22 · The XRD was determined for blends of solid raw material (Figure 7 with index raw), prepared porous AAM before and after heat treatment at 800 and 1,000°C for mixture compositions Ref and 0.5FB. After alkali activation slight phase change was observed for Ref but almost all minerals detected in mix of raw materials were still present in the AAM.

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  • Converting Saprolite (a Low-Grade Unutilized Material ...

    2021-4-12 · JNARDDC has evaluated bauxite deposits of India from the geo-technological point of view. During the evaluation studies, it was observed that bauxite deposits are associated with saprolite resources. During bauxite mining, various low-grade materials such as saprolite, laterite and low-grade bauxite are generated. These materials typically have low-alumina, high-iron oxide and high-silica …

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  • XRD | Rigaku Global Website

    2021-5-22 · XRD characterization of refractory powders by Search/Match analysis A joint X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering (GISAXS) analysis of a platinum nanoparticulate film Al-based alloys prepared at different conditions: using an …

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  • Studies on Zircon-Dolomite System for Refractory

    2014-8-22 · Refractory Application ” submitted by Ms. Ipsita Mohapatra (110CR0475) in partial ... XRD analysis of zircon Powder-----18 Fig 5: XRD analysis of dolomite powder-----19 ... Among non-oxides, silicon carbide is an important refractory material which can be used in

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  • Application Report XRD 8 - Bruker

    XRD Application Report XRD 8 D2 PHASER Desktop XRD: Silica Dust Analysis The D2 PHASER is a portable desktop XRD instrument for research and quality control. It is easy to operate and independent of external media such as cooling cir-cuits. Thanks to the LYNXEYE detector it is the fastest desktop XRD system on the market.

    Get Price
  • Recovery of spent refractories: how to do it and using ...

    In Italy, 80 000 t/year of spent refractory materials are recycled in the different production sectors that use refractory materials in the plants (Glass, Cement, and Ceramics Factories, non-ferrous Metallurgists, Petrochemical, etc.) The breakdown of re-use of this huge quantity in the various fields of application can be summarised as follows:

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  • Characterization of Clays from selected sites for ...

    2019-11-25 · for refractory application. High levels of Fe 2 O 3 is not desirable in refractory material, all clays from selected sites had higher levels of Fe 2 O 3 above the standard value for Fe 2 O 3 content for refractory materials [18]. Calcium oxide (CaO) of all selected clays were below the standard levels for refractory application. Magnesium

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  • Converting Saprolite (a Low-Grade Unutilized Material ...

    2021-4-12 · JNARDDC has evaluated bauxite deposits of India from the geo-technological point of view. During the evaluation studies, it was observed that bauxite deposits are associated with saprolite resources. During bauxite mining, various low-grade materials such as saprolite, laterite and low-grade bauxite are generated. These materials typically have low-alumina, high-iron oxide and high-silica …

    Get Price
  • From ferronickel slag to value-added refractory

    As a result, a high-quality refractory material with refractoriness of 1730 °C, bulk density of 2.80 g/cm 3, apparent porosity of 1.6%, and compressive strength of 206.62 MPa was obtained by microwave sintering of the slag at 1350 °C for only 20 min with addition of 25 wt % sintered magnesia. Because the microwave sintering strategy not only ...

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  • STUDIES ON PHASE FORMATION IN HIGH ALUMINA

    2013-12-10 · CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the thesis entitled, “STUDIES ON PHASE FORMATION IN HIGH ALUMINA CEMENT BY VARYING MANUFACTURING PARAMETER AND EFFECT OF THOSE PHASES IN REFRACTORY CASTABLE” submitted by Mr. Aditya Prakash Shrimali in partial fulfillments of the requirements for the award of Master of Technology degree in Ceramic …

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  • The Effect of Silica Fused Addition as Filler on Zircon ...

    Refractory coating is widely used in metal casting process to protect the mold from direct contact with molten metal. This coating also could improve the surface quality of casting product. Zircon is common materials that used as filler, but the materials cost is quite high. Therefore, alternative material is needed to make partial substitution of the filler.

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  • Oxidation resistance of graphite materials – Graphite ...

    2019-7-15 · The impregnation method is to impregnate the graphite material with an oxide-resistant material to reduce the porosity of the graphite product so as to achieve the purpose of reducing the contact surface between carbon and oxygen and improve the oxidation resistance of the graphite material.

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  • X-ray diffraction (XRD) | Rigaku Global Website

    2021-6-1 · X-ray diffraction (XRD) is one of the most important non-destructive tools to analyze all kinds of matter—ranging from fluids, to powders and crystals. From research to production and engineering, XRD is an indispensable method for materials characterization and quality control.

    Get Price
  • Composition and Refractory Properties of Mixtures of ...

    2013-12-24 · cess [6-11]. The application fields of mullite are multiple and depend on the properties of each type. In fact, the performance of a refractory (good resistance of heat and thermal shock) is directly related to its texture and its richness in mullite. Kaolinitic clays are used to make fire-clays and silica- clays refractory materials.

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  • Micro X-Ray Diffraction (µXRD) | Lucideon

    The Micro X-Ray Diffraction (µXRD) method allows for small volumes of material to be probed. A parallel beam of X-rays are collimated to form a small range (between 300 and 1,000 microns in diameter) before irradiating a sample.

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  • Refractory Material Testing - Lab Testing Services for ...

    2020-3-5 · The concept of testing CCS of a refractory material has perhaps, come from metallurgy. This is because for any refractory brick it is rather; rare that it would fail simply due to load on it in cold condition and therefore, the determination of cold crushing strength does not appear to be important from that point of view.

    Get Price
  • STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF

    2018-4-25 · cordierite as the component of refractory material by several of Al 2 O 3 mole ratio from 2 to 1.4. They found that Al 2 O 3 mole ratio to 1.4, resulted in bulk density to reach the maximum value of 2.5 kg·m-3, which is close to the value for dense cordierite ceramic. Sembiring, et.al [24] found that addition of 15 - 30 % alumina, resulted thermal

    Get Price
  • Recovery of spent refractories: how to do it and using ...

    In Italy, 80 000 t/year of spent refractory materials are recycled in the different production sectors that use refractory materials in the plants (Glass, Cement, and Ceramics Factories, non-ferrous Metallurgists, Petrochemical, etc.) The breakdown of re-use of this huge quantity in the various fields of application can be summarised as follows:

    Get Price
  • PREMIUM ALUMINA FOR REFRACTORY APPLICATIONS

    2020-5-29 · REFRACTORY AGGREGATES REFRACTORY AGGREGATES Tabular Alumina T60/T64 High-purity aggregate Almatis Tabular Alumina T60/T64 is widely used Tabular alumina exhibits excellent chemical for various high temperature applications. The purity and unique microstructure of tabular alumina offer considerable advantages over

    Get Price
  • Phase evolution of refractory high-entropy alloy

    From the precise lattice parameter calculation (Supplementary material Sec. S3) using the Nelson–Riley function, it was confirmed that the Laves phase has a cubic structure (C15). From the XRD analysis, it can be inferred that the formation of two BCC phases is similar to the phase formation in MA powder.

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  • SINTESIS DAN KARAKTERISASI ZIRKONIA (ZrO DARI ...

    2017-10-26 · a refractory material which has some application, such as ceramics. The aims of this study to determine the effect of H 2 SO 4 ... Bahan ini merupakan material refraktori (bahan tahan panas) yang memiliki sifat polimorf, kerapatan dan kekerasan yang ...

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  • STUDIES ON PHASE FORMATION IN HIGH ALUMINA

    2013-12-10 · CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the thesis entitled, “STUDIES ON PHASE FORMATION IN HIGH ALUMINA CEMENT BY VARYING MANUFACTURING PARAMETER AND EFFECT OF THOSE PHASES IN REFRACTORY CASTABLE” submitted by Mr. Aditya Prakash Shrimali in partial fulfillments of the requirements for the award of Master of Technology degree in Ceramic …

    Get Price
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD) | Rigaku Global Website

    2021-6-1 · X-ray diffraction (XRD) is one of the most important non-destructive tools to analyze all kinds of matter—ranging from fluids, to powders and crystals. From research to production and engineering, XRD is an indispensable method for materials characterization and quality control.

    Get Price
  • Composition and Refractory Properties of Mixtures of ...

    2013-12-24 · cess [6-11]. The application fields of mullite are multiple and depend on the properties of each type. In fact, the performance of a refractory (good resistance of heat and thermal shock) is directly related to its texture and its richness in mullite. Kaolinitic clays are used to make fire-clays and silica- clays refractory materials.

    Get Price
  • Refractory Materials for Casting Manganese Alloyed TRIP

    vealed by XRD analysis. The degradation of crucible material C2 is a combination of SiO 2 dissolution in the melt and galaxite formation in the remaining alumina matrix. To prove that the formation of liquid manganese silicates was the primary reason for the crucible failure, the SiO 2-free refractory material C3 was investi-gated.

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  • Refractory Material Testing - Lab Testing Services for ...

    2020-3-5 · The concept of testing CCS of a refractory material has perhaps, come from metallurgy. This is because for any refractory brick it is rather; rare that it would fail simply due to load on it in cold condition and therefore, the determination of cold crushing strength does not appear to be important from that point of view.

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Quantitative XRD Analysis of Coal Combustion

    Quantitative XRD (QXRD) analysis of coal combustion by-products (CCBs) and their hydration products is not straightforward. CCBs typically include large numbers of crystalline phases and substantial amorphous content. Many CCB phases have varying levels of crystalline order and solid solution. When prepared as XRD specimens, a number exhibit strong preferred orientation, and with quite ...

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  • REACTION BONDED REFRACTORY METAL

    2010-5-3 · Reaction bonded refractory metal composites 1319 0.4 0.0 0.3 2.2 4.2 6.1 8.1 10.0 ANGLE ( degrees 2 theta ) [x 1O1] Fig. 3. XRD of pulverized niobium treated carbon rod (Cu-K, radiation NbC peaks are indexed, C refers to graphite peaks). (XPS), the results of which are given for the opti-

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  • PREMIUM ALUMINA FOR REFRACTORY APPLICATIONS

    2020-5-29 · REFRACTORY AGGREGATES REFRACTORY AGGREGATES Tabular Alumina T60/T64 High-purity aggregate Almatis Tabular Alumina T60/T64 is widely used Tabular alumina exhibits excellent chemical for various high temperature applications. The purity and unique microstructure of tabular alumina offer considerable advantages over

    Get Price
  • Phase evolution of refractory high-entropy alloy

    From the precise lattice parameter calculation (Supplementary material Sec. S3) using the Nelson–Riley function, it was confirmed that the Laves phase has a cubic structure (C15). From the XRD analysis, it can be inferred that the formation of two BCC phases is similar to the phase formation in MA powder.

    Get Price
  • Properties, Applications - Nanotechnology | Applications

    In refractory fiber and refractory material, magnesite-chrome brick, filler for refractory coating, refractory and insulating instrument, electricity, cable, optical material, material for steel-smelting furnace and other high- temperature furnaces, heating material and ceramic base plate ... When the Right Microscope for Your Application Doesn ...

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  • Synthesis of Lithium Oxide Composite with Refractory

    2019-1-31 · promising cathode material was investigated. The formation mechanism of nanoparticles was discussed based on the nucleation temperature with experimentally obtained results. Keywords: Thermal plasma, refractory metal, Lithium ion batteries. 1.Introduction Lithium metal …

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